POST OFFICE BUILDING (1972)


ZAJEČAR GETS A MENZULANA

ZAJEČAR GETS A MENZULANA

After liberation from Ottomans, Zaječar gets a "menzulana" - road inn where post carriers can replace their horses and rest. It was located between the old Regional Court building and the Turkish mill.

1833
ZAJEČAR GETS A POST OFFICE

ZAJEČAR GETS A POST OFFICE

By Official Note, Zaječar gets a post office.

1843
A TEMPORARY TELEGRAPH STATION INSTALLED

A TEMPORARY TELEGRAPH STATION INSTALLED

A temporary telegraph station in Zaječar has been installed and became permanent in 1862

1860
ZAJEČAR GETS A PHONE LINE

ZAJEČAR GETS A PHONE LINE

The phone lines reached Serbia only in 1898, and Zaječar got its own phone line in 1902.

1902
ZAJEČAR POST OFFICE GETS ITS OWN BUILDING

ZAJEČAR POST OFFICE GETS ITS OWN BUILDING

After numerous relocations in private houses and offices at the County Command building, Zaječar Post Office gets its own building.

1912
PHONE STATION OPEN OFFICIALLY

PHONE STATION OPEN OFFICIALLY

Zaječar Phone Station officially open on January 22nd.

1920
OLD POST OFFICE BUILDING DEMOLISHED

OLD POST OFFICE BUILDING DEMOLISHED

The previous Post Office building was demolished in order to make space for the new one, adjusted to the needs of that time.

1970
NEW POST OFFICE BUILDING INAUGURATED

NEW POST OFFICE BUILDING INAUGURATED

In early January, the new Post Office building was officially open.

1972

The current Post Office building in Zaječar was inaugurated in 1972 and had replaced a former Post and Telegraph building from 1912, once considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in town.

Post and Telegraph Building, circa 1920. The postcard printed by Ljuba Marjanović, Zaječar. Photo archive of the National Museum "Zaječar".

The history of postal traffic in Serbia is linked to the liberation processes from the Ottomans, and as a strategically placed border town, Zaječar got its “menzulana” – a type of inn where a post carrier could replace his horses and rest. It was located between the old Regional Court building and the Turkish mill. It consisted of a horse stable, house for the coachman, and a barn. The main line connected Zaječar with a menzulana in Krivi Vir and Jagodina where it was connected to the main state line between Belgrade and Aleksinac. Zaječar also had good connections to Negotin (connected to Požarevac via Milanovac) and Kladovo, as well as to Gurgusovac (present-day Knjaževac) and to Aleksinac via Sokobanja.

In the beginning, menzulanas were part of the army, nevertheless already in 1835, they were rented out to citizens. Zaječar’s one was rented out by Cola Nikolić. At the time, this courier service was used mainly by the army and the government, and only years later by the civilians.

By a Decree, Zaječar officially got a post office on October 15th, 1843. Nevertheless, some historical traces prove it had been open prior to the official permit, already in 1841. From 1860, Serbian post offices switched to transport by a cariole, and later by four-wheel carriages. At the same time, menzulanas were closed down and post offices completely took over the transport of post and people. They had to be accompanied by armed guards, due to a constant threat by rebels and hajduks.

The first connections by telegraph in Serbia happened in 1855, between Belgrade and Aleksinac, and Belgrade and Kragujevac. Only in 1858 the state had decided to create new lines, the first one through towns in Timok Region in order to overtake Austro-Hungary plan to connect to Turkey in Vidin (present-day Bulgaria) via Romania, avoiding the transit over Serbia. A temporary Telegraph Station in Zaječar was installed only in 1860, most likely in order to connect to the station in Brestovac Spa, where Prince Miloš often stayed.

The phone lines arrived to Serbia only in 1898, hence Zaječar got its own line in 1902. The official Phone Station was inaugurated on January 22nd, 1903. Nevertheless, the historical sources testify about the first intercity phone line in Serbia which existed actually in this region, made by the Belgian Industrial Rail company, connecting their mines in Vrška Čuka with the Radujevac Danube harbor, built in 1888/89.


The County Command building around 1907. Historical Archives "Timok Region" Zaječar.

Zaječar Post Office did not have a building for a long time and in the early 20th century, it was located in one of the offices of the County Command. It was constantly relocated, often to private houses. It moved into its own building just prior to the First Balkan War, in 1912.

Former Post Office building. The Historical Archives "Timok Region" Zaječar.

SOURCES:

Stevan Veljković, „Saobraćaj“. Zaječar i okolina. Zaječar, 1974, pp.292-295.

Suzana Antić, Jelica Ilić, Nina Pogarčić, Zaječar čudesna priča. Iz života u Zaječaru 1466-2006. godine. Narodni muzej "Zaječar", Zaječar, 2013.


Post and Telegraph Building around 1920. Postcard edition by Ljuba Marjanović. Photo archive of the National Museum "Zaječar".
Previous Post Office building on a 1968 photo. Historical Archives "Timok Region" Zaječar.
The new Post Office Building, after 1972. Photo by Dragiša Đorđević, Skver magazin Archives.
A complete phonebook of Zaječar published in Timok Newspaper, 1953.
Installation of new phone lines in Zaječar. Timok Newspaper, 1959.
Timok Newspaper, 1968.
New Post Office Building being built. Timok Newspaper, 1970.
The new Post Office Building officially inaugurated. Timok Newspaper, 1972.
Zaječar postman congratulates the Day of the Republic. Timok Newspaper, 1986.
An article about the Zaječar postman and artist Milan Šolc gifting his sculpture to the colleagues at the Post Office in Kutina, Croatia. Timok Newspaper, 1987.

Support the renovation and revitalization of public spaces in Zajecar! Donate to the Fund "Obnova"

DONATE
Podelite:

More interesting locations


National Museum 01

NATIONAL MUSEUM ZAJEČAR (1927)

The National Museum building was built in 1927 as a home to the military institute for road design.

Scena bar 01

NACIONAL - ZELENGORA - SCENA BAR (1893)

Present-day "Scena Bar" continues a long tradition of catering where since 1893 the inn "Nacional" u...

Magistrate Court 01

MAGISTRATE COURT (1907)

In 1907, the prominent Serbian architect Petar Popović designed the building of the Zaječar Magistra...

HV

PRIMARY SCHOOL “HAJDUK VELJKO” (1984)

The youngest primary school in Zaječar, formerly named “Dobrivoje Radosavljević Bobi” and today "Haj...